Parquer/Parker Surname Origins
Published from: http://www.qsl.net/g7xeo/parker.htm
Parker is an ancient occupational name. It probably first came to this country with the Norman Conquest, though it possibly existed here prior to 1066. The sumame Parker derives from the Old French word 'parquer' 'parchier'), which means 'park keeper' or 'ranger'. The Old French word derives in tum from a Germanic original meaning 'a park, enclosure, or thinly wooded land kept for beasts of the chase'.
There are several related sumames, such as Parkman, and Parkhouse (place name for a dweller in a house in a park), and Duparc (Nomian, meaning 'of the park').
Variations on the name Parker include Park, Parke, Parks and Parkes. Park and Parkes are, strictly speaking, place names (i.e. a dweller in a park). However, as often as not they probably indicated someone who worked in a park, and were thus occupational names.
The first reference to the surname Parker is in the Domesday Book records for Somerset where, in 1086, one Anschetel Parcher is listed.
A Parker Miscellany
When someone can't mind his own business, he's colloquially labelled a 'nosey parker'. The original was sixteenth-century English clergyman Matthew Parker, Archbishop of Canterbury under Queen Elizabeth I, whose critics dubbed him 'Nosey Parker' because he kept poking his nose into church matters that weren't his concern.
One man stood between Abraham Lincoln and assassin John Wilkes Booth - an alcoholic policeman named John Parker, the only guard posted outside the President's box at Ford's Theater. Half-way through the evening's performance he wandered off to get a drink, with consequences that changed the course of American history.
Comanche leader Quanah Parker, son of a chief who had married a white woman captured in childhood, led a year-long Texas rebellion of 700 warriors against the full might of the US cavalry before agreeing to settle on a reservation in 1875. He went on to become a powerful mediator between his people and the whites, spending his last 30 years as a successful business- man while still retaining his Indian culture and beliefs.
British Admiral Sir Hyde Parker sent a withdrawal signal to the Baltic Fleet during the 1801 Battle of Copenhagen. His subordinate, Horatio Nelson, whose small ships had done most of the fighting, put his telescope to his blind eye so he could honestly claim he hadn't received the order, then went on to win the battle.
Scottish explorer Mungo Park (1771-1806) was the first European to explore the Niger and several other interior regions of Africa.The United Kingdom has no towns or major geographic features which are related to the name Parker. Canada has a town called Parkerview while the United States has 10 related-name towns and cities (including 5 called Parker) as well as the famous Parker Dam. Australia has a Parker hill, a Parker range and Parker Point while Hong Kong has a Parker mountain.
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